Cities in Israel

"How goodly are your tents, O Jacob, your dwelling places, O Israel!"
(BaMidbar 24:5)


Jerusalem. Photo: (c)

Jerusalem is the capital of the State of Israel. Today, more than 770 thousand people live in Jerusalem. This is an ancient and at the same time modern city - it has museums, theaters, a zoo, a university, several large hospitals. In Jerusalem, the Knesset (parliament) and government agencies are located.

Jerusalem is a city of three religions. Among the population of Jerusalem, two-thirds are Jews and almost a third are Muslims. Two percent of the city's population are Christians.

Jerusalem is a little over 3,5 thousand years old. But the settlement on the site where Jerusalem is located, existed in the fifth millennium BC. Then the Jebusites lived here. In 2300 on the site of the present Jerusalem was the city of Shalem, which was ruled by Melchizedek. We learn about it from Tanakh.

From 1000 to 586 BC Jerusalem was the capital of the Jewish kingdom. King David built a city here. King Shlomo, the son of David, built the First Temple on Mount Moriah in 906 BC.

The temple stood until 598 BC, before the invasion of Nebuchadnezzar, who conquered Jerusalem. In 586 BC the Temple was destroyed, and the survivors of Jerusalem were taken captive to Babylon. In 538 BC persian king Cyrus the Great allowed the exiles to return and restore the Temple in Jerusalem.

Two hundred years later, Jerusalem was under the rule of the Greeks. After the death of Alexander of Macedon he was captured by Ptolemy I, the ruler of Egypt.

In 63 BC the city was captured by the Romans. Herod the Great engaged in extensive construction and began to rebuild the Temple. In 66 AD a rebellion broke out in Judea. In response, the Roman army besieged Jerusalem. In the summer of 70 the city was captured and the Second Temple burnt. The population of Jerusalem went into exile.

In 130 on the ruins of Jerusalem was built a Roman city called Elia Kapitolina. This is the cause of the Bar Kochba revolt. The Jews occupied Jerusalem and even built a temporary Temple. In 135 the uprising was suppressed.

In 614, Jerusalem was conquered by the Persians, and in 625-628 by Byzantines. In 648 the city was captured by Muslims. In 1099 the city was captured by the Crusaders. In 1187, he was conquered by the Egyptian Sultan Salah ad-Din. Salah ad-Din turned all the churches into mosques. In 1229, the Christians regained the city. But already in 1244 he again returns to the Muslims. In 1260, for a short time, the Mongols are conquering Jerusalem. In 1517 he was conquered by the troops of the Ottoman Empire.

From 1917 to 1947 the city was under the authority of the British Mandate. In 1948, as a result of the War of Independence, Jerusalem was divided: its western part became the Israeli capital, and the eastern part became part of Jordan.

Jerusalem was proclaimed the Israeli capital in 1950. In 1967, during the Six Day War, Israel returned the eastern part of Jerusalem.

In July 1980, Israel passed the Jerusalem Law as Basic Law. The law declared Jerusalem the "complete and united" capital of Israel.

Kikar Safra 1
Tel. 02-6297717, 02-6296666, 02-62966667777

The National Insurance Institute of Israel ("Bituah Leumi"):
Ben Shetah 4
Tel. *6050, 12226050

Israeli Employment Service ("Lishkat Taasuka"):
Yaffo 224, Tahana Merkazit
Tel. 02-5013100, 02-503111

The Ministry of Interior ("Misrad ha-Pnim"):
Hillel 24
Tel. *3450, 12223450
Shlomtzoin ha-Malka 1
Tel. 02-6290222
Merkaz Mishari Gilo
Tel. 02-6452880

Israel Tax Authority:
"Mas Ahnasa":
Kanfey Nesharim 66
Tel. 02-6545111, 02-6545108, 02-6545414, Fax. 02-6545494, 02-6545413
Yaffo 236
Tel. 02-5019222, 02-5019203, Fax. 02-5019250
Kanfey Nesharim 66
Tel. 02-6545555, 02-6545512, Fax. 02-6545515
"Misuy Mekarkain":
Kanfey Nesharim 66
Tel. 02-6545222, 02-6545225, Fax. 02-6545240

Israel Ministry of Construction and Housing:
Tel. 02-6291100

Israel Ministry of Tourism:
Shaar Yaffo
Tel. 02-6271422

Hadassah Medical Center in Jerusalem:

Hadassh Ein-Kerem: Ein Kerem campus, Kiryat-Hadassah, Tel. *6777, 02-6776333
Hadassah Har ha-Tzofim: Mount Scopus campus, Mount Scopus, Tel. *6777, 02-5844222

Shaare Zedek Medical Center:
Tel. 02-6666666

Bikur Holim Hospital
Tel. 02-6464111

Misgav Ladach Hospital
Tel. 02-5678444

Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Tel. 02-6585111

The distance
(in straight line):

to Tel Aviv - 51 km
to Haifa - 116 km
to Beer Sheva - 70 km

Travel to Israel with a camera:

Jerusalem. Jewish Quarter of the Old City

Old City Market in Jerusalem

Jerusalem. Temple Mount

Jerusalem. Mamilla

Jerusalem. City Center

Jerusalem. Nachlaot

Jerusalem. Mea Shearim

Jerusalem. Mount of Olives

Jerusalem. Jaffa Road

Jerusalem. Ben Yehuda street

Jerusalem. Safra Square

Jerusalem. Western Wall

Jerusalem. Yemin Moshe

Jerusalem. Cardo

Jerusalem. Hurva Synagogue

Jerusalem. Zion Gate

Jerusalem. David's Tomb

Jerusalem Biblical Zoo

Lake flamingos in the Jerusalem Biblical Zoo

Jerusalem - City of Three Faiths

Ein Kerem Landscapes

Gihon Spring

The Chagall Windows in Hadassah Medical Center

Roman street in Jerusalem

Kfar David

At the Western Wall

Mahane Israel

Teddy Park

Robinson's Arch

Tomb of Samuel

Western Wall Tunnels

Snowy Jerusalem


Candle Lighting Times
for Shabbat and Holidays

Light Candles Shabbat Ends
Jerusalem 19:13 20:31
Tel Aviv 19:29 20:34
Be`er Sheva 19:30 20:32
Haifa 19:22 20:35

Nature and Landscapes of Galilee and Golan

Galilee and Golan Heights
Gamla Nature Reserve
Mount Hermon
Galilee Panhandle
Lower Galilee
Upper Galilee
Spring in Beit Jann
The view from the Yehi'am Fortress
Forest in Beit She'arim
Keshet Cave

Rivers, waterfalls and lakes in the Golan and Galilee and northern Israel

The Saar Waterfall
Nahal Snir
The Zavitan Waterfall
Ram Pool in the Golan Heights
Tanur Waterfall
Fish ponds in the Ein Afek nature reserve
Hula Lake Park
Monfort Lake

Museums in Galilee and northern Israel

Dubrovin Farm
Yehi'am Convoy Memorial
Sculpture Garden in the Kochav HaYarden National Park
Beit She'arim Burial Caves
Museum in Beit She'arim
Beit She'arim. Menorah Caves
Mosaics of Sepphoris

Crusader castles in Galilee

Belvoir Fortress
Yehi'am Fortress
Crusaders flour mill in the Ein Afek nature reserve

National Parks in Galilee

Beit She'an National Park
Kochav HaYarden National Park
Sepphoris National Park
Megiddo National Park
Yehi'am Fortress National Park
Beit She'arim National Park

Nature Reserves in Galilee

Ein Afek Nature Reserve
Hula Valley
Nahal Ayun

Towns, moshavim and kibbutzim in Galilee

Rosh Pinna
Moshav Yesud HaMa'ala
Kibbutz Evron
Kibbutz Yehiam
Kibbutz Lehavot HaBashan

Sea of Galilee

Lake Kinneret
The View of Kinneret
Fishing on the Sea of Galilee

The Dead Sea and its surroundings

Dead Sea
Salt of Dead Sea
Ein Gedi
Autumn in Ein Gedi
The view of Jericho
Monastery of the Temptation
Monastery of St. George

Judea and Samaria

Elon Moreh Settlement
The View from the Elon Moreh Settlement
Itamar Settlement
Kfar Tapuach Settlement
Barkan Settlement
Karnei Shomron Settlement
Ancient winery in Shomron
Snowy Hebron
Beitar Illit
Snowy Efrat
Tekoa Settlement

Central Israel

Utopia Orchid Park
Mini Israel
Avshalom Reserve
Stalactite Cave near Beit Shemesh
Valley of Elah
Nahal Alexander

Negev and southern Israel

Negev and Arabah
Ein Avdat
Yotvata Hai-Bar
HaMakhtesh HaGadol
HaMakhtesh HaKatan
Makhtesh Ramon
Ha-Minsara in the Makhtesh Ramon
Eilat Mountains
Red Canyon
Timna National Park
Timna Valley


Jerusalem. Jewish Quarter of the Old City
Jerusalem - City of Three Faiths
Jerusalem. Temple Mount
Jerusalem. Western Wall
At the Western Wall
Jerusalem. Cardo
Roman street in Jerusalem
Jerusalem. Hurva Synagogue
Jerusalem. David's Tomb
Jerusalem. Zion Gate
Western Wall Tunnels
Robinson's Arch
Old City Market in Jerusalem
Jerusalem. Mount of Olives
Gihon Spring
Jerusalem. Mamilla
Teddy Park
Kfar David
Mahane Israel
Jerusalem. Yemin Moshe
Jerusalem. Mea Shearim
Jerusalem. City Center
Jerusalem. Safra Square
Jerusalem. Jaffa Road
Jerusalem. Ben Yehuda street
Jerusalem. Nachlaot
Ein Kerem Landscapes
The Chagall Windows in Hadassah Medical Center
Jerusalem Biblical Zoo
Lake flamingos in the Jerusalem Biblical Zoo
Snowy Jerusalem
Tomb of Samuel

Tel Aviv

Tel Aviv. Allenby Street
Tel Aviv promenade
Tel Aviv. Dizengoff Square
Tel Aviv. Kerem HaTeimanim
Tel Aviv. Nachalat Binyamin
Tel Aviv. Neve Tzedek
Tel Aviv. Rothschild Boulevard
Tel Aviv. Shenkin Street
Tel Aviv. Carmel Market
Sarona German Colony in Tel Aviv
Tel-Aviv. Habima Theatre
Tel Aviv. Ramat Yisrael
Tel Aviv. Bitzaron
Tel Aviv. Sderot HaHaskalah
Tel Aviv. Yigal Alon street


Jaffa Alleys
Jaffa Zodiac
Frank Meisler Gallery in Jaffa
Old Jaffa
Beauty of Old Jaffa
Jaffa Port


Safed before the onset of Shabbat
Safed. Ari Synagogue (Ashkenazi)
Safed. Galleries of the Old City
Safed. Rabbi Yosef Karo Synagogue
Safed. The Candle Factory

Kiryat Shmona

Kiryat Shmona


Nahariya. Balfour street
Nahariya. Agnon street
Nahariya. Ofira Navon Promenade
Nahariya. Park in David Remez street
Nahariya. Sderot HaGa'aton
Nahariya. Park in Sderot HaGa'aton
Nahariya. Park in the beach
Nahariya. Promenade in the beach


Acre. Citadel
Acre. Hamam al-Basha
Acre. Old City
Acre. Treasures in the Walls Museum


Haifa. The Bahai Gardens
Haifa. Elijah's Cave
Haifa. Ben Gurion street
Haifa. German Colony
Haifa. Downtown
Haifa. Carmelit
Haifa. Zoo
Haifa. Carmel Center
Haifa. Louis Promenade
Haifa. The view from the Louis Promenade
Haifa. Mother's Garden
Haifa. Mount Carmel
Haifa. Hadar
Haifa. Herzl street
Haifa. Masada Street
Haifa. Kiryat Eliezer
Haifa. The view of the Kiryat Eliezer
Tel Shiqmona
Haifa. Ramat HaNasi
Haifa. Neve David
Haifa. Ofira Navon Garden
Haifa. Kiryat Sprinzak
Haifa. View of the Nahal Lotem from Kiryat Sprinzak
Haifa. Eli Cohen garden
Haifa. Park in Ramat Shaul
Haifa. Hecht Park
Hof HaCarmel
Haifa promenade
Haifa. Dado Beach
Haifa. Bat-Galim


Kiryat Haim. The Beach
Kiryat Haim. Sderot Deganya
Kiryat Haim. Park in Sde Boker street
Kiryat Haim. Sderot Robert Sold
Kiryat Motzkin
Kiryat Motzkin. Sderot Ben Gurion
Kiryat Motzkin. Park in Dulchin street
Kiryat Motzkin. HaMeyasdim Park
Kiryat Motzkin. Yigal Alon street
Kiryat Motzkin. Swan Lake
Kiryat Motzkin. Zoo
Kiryat Bialik. Derekh Akko
Kiryat Bialik. Eli Cohen garden
Kiryat Bialik. Giyora street
Kiryat Bialik. Gush Halav street
Kiryat Bialik. HaParpar
Kiryat Bialik. HaBanim Park
Kiryat Bialik. Sderot HaBanim
Kiryat Yam. Park in Sderot Tzahal
Kiryat Yam. Park in Lilah street
Kiryat Yam. Szold Garden
Kiryat Yam. The Beach
Kiryat Ata. Golomb street
Kiryat Ata. Moshe Hess street
Kiryat Ata. Sderot Yoseftal
Kiryat Ata. Assaf Simhoni street


The View of Haifa Bay from Nesher
Nesher Park with Hanging Bridges


Yokne'am. City Center
Yokne'am. Park in the city center
Yokne'am. HaNuriyot street

Kiryat Tivon

Kiryat Tivon. Alonim
Kiryat Tivon. Amnon veTamar street
Kiryat Tivon. City Center

Zichron Yaakov

Ramat Hanadiv
Rechov haMeyasdim in Zikhron Ya'akov

Kfar Saba

Kfar Saba. City Center
Kfar Saba. Memorial Garden
Park in Kfar Saba
The old district of Kfar-Saba
Winter in Kfar Saba




Apollonia National Park
Herzliya Marina


Givatayim. Gan HaZikaron
Givatayim. Katzenelson street
Givatayim. Gordon street
Givatayim. Sderot Afikim
Givatayim. Sheinkin street
Givatayim. Geva street
Givatayim. Jabotinsky street
Givatayim. Matzpor Shalom
Givatayim. HaMeri street

Ramat Gan

Ramat Gan. Rambam Square
Ramat Gan. Bialik street
Ramat Gan. Sderot HaYeled
Ramat Gan. Park in Sderot HaYeled
Ramat Gan. Herzl street
Ramat Gan. Gefen

Bnei Brak

Bnei Brak before the onset of Shabbat
Rainy day in Bnei Brak

Kiryat Ono

Kiryat Ono
Kiryat Ono. Ben Yehuda street
Kiryat Ono. Giborim garden
Kiryat Ono. Reisfeld Park
Kiryat Ono. Henrietta Szold street
Aviva Warsha Park in Kiryat Ono
The new district of Kiryat Ono

Rishon LeZion

The Village Well in Rishon LeZion
Rothschild Pedestrian Mall in Rishon LeZion
The Palm Boulevard at Rishon LeZion's City Garden
Rishon LeZion's City Garden
Palmachim Beach


Modi'in. Emek Ayalon street
Modi'in. Hartzit street
Modi'in. Emek ha-Hula street
Modi'in. Kipodan street

Beit Shemesh

Beit Shemesh. HaArazim street
Beit Shemesh. Ben Gurion street
Beit Shemesh. Eucalyptus grove
Beit Shemesh. Garden in the city center
Beit Shemesh. HaNarkis street
Beit-Shemesh. Rose Garden


Dolphin Reef in Eilat
Eilat aquarium